External Ventilatory Assist Device for Preterm Newborns

ID# 2016-4502
2nd Generation Prototype

Technology Summary

The disclosed invention describes a splint that encircles and adheres to the chest of a neonate to provide an expansion force on the chest wall. This negative pressure prevents the chest wall from buckling inwards, counteracting the respiratory insufficiencies common in premature infants. The system can remain at a static pressure setting or oscillate to clear secretions and provide better gas mixing in the alveoli. The device can also be set to synchronize with the patient’s respiration to act as a mechanical external ventilator.

Application & Market Utility

Pulmonary insufficiency is common in preterm infants. The current treatment, CPAP, is not appropriate for neonates. This invention offers an improved method for chest wall stabilization, distention, and ventilator support. It’s a safe alternative to invasive procedures. Requires less nursing vigilance and attention than CPAP. Low cost and potential for worldwide use. Possible use in adults as an alternative or supplement to CPAP. Possible use in emergency medicine; can be used by unskilled staff.

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